Emile durkheim’s Suicide addresses the phenomenon of suicide and its social causes. Suicide provides readers with an understanding of the impetus for suicide and its psychological impact on the victim, family, and society.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: and Other Writings Penguin Twentieth-Century ClassicsReaders trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators. With more than 1, 700 titles, penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines.
In the protestant ethic, max weber opposes the marxist concept of dialectical materialism and relates the rise of the capitalist economy to the Calvinist belief in the moral value of hard work and the fulfillment of one's worldly duties. For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world.
The Division of Labor in SocietyRevised for the first time in over thirty years, this edition of Emile Durkheim’s masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology is updated with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes that puts Durkheim’s work into context for the twenty-first century reader.
When it was originally published, the Division of Labor in Society was an entirely original work on the nature of labor and production as they were being shaped by the industrial revolution. Lukes explains the text’s continued significance as a tool to think about and deal with problems that face us today.
Emile durkheim’s seminal work studies the nature of social solidarity and explores the ties that bind one person to the next in order to hold society together. This revised and updated second edition fluently conveys Durkheim’s arguments for contemporary readers. Leading durkheim scholar steve lukes’s new introduction builds upon Lewis Coser’s original—which places the work in its intellectual and historical context and pinpoints its central ideas and arguments.
. The original translation has been revised and reworked in order to make Durkheim’s arguments clearer and easier to read. The division of labor in society is an essential resource for students and scholars hoping to deepen their understanding of one of the pioneering voices in modern sociology and twentieth-century social thought.
The Division of Labor in SocietyThe division of labor in society", published in 1893, was his first major contribution to the field and arguably one his most important. Unlike marx, durkheim does not argue that class conflict is inherent to the modern Capitalistic society. In this work durkheim discusses the construction of social order in modern societies, which he argues arises out of two essential forms of solidarity, mechanical and organic.
Durkheim further examines how this social order has changed over time from more primitive societies to advanced industrial ones. Along with karl marx and max weber he was a principal architect of modern social science and whose contribution helped established it as an academic discipline. The division of labor is an essential component to the practice of the modern capitalistic system due to the increased economic efficiency that can arise out of specialization; however Durkheim acknowledges that increased specialization does not serve all interests equally well.
Mile durkheim is often referred to as the father of sociology. This important and foundational work is a must read for all students of sociology and economic philosophy.
The Marx-Engels ReaderThe volume is arranged to show both the chronological and the thematic development of the two great thinkers. Beautifully designed and carefully proofed for digital publication, this new edition includes:•Expended Introduction;•Detailed Notes;•Expansive Bibliography;•Complete, unabridged, and formatted text for kindle to improve your reading experience;•Table of Contents with Quick Navigation.
This edition of the leading anthology provides the essential writings of Marx and Engels—those works necessary for an introduction to Marxist thought and ideology. Selections range in coverage from history, to politics, society, philosophy, and economics, and the strategy and tactics of social revolution.
The Management of Savagery: How America's National Security State Fueled the Rise of Al Qaeda, ISIS, and Donald TrumpThe pentagon has trained and armed jihadist elements in Afghanistan, Syria, and Libya; it has launched military interventions to change regimes in the Middle East. Washington’s secret funding of the mujahedin provoked the Russian invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Trump’s dealings in the Middle East are likely only to exacerbate the situation.
With guns and money, the united States has ever since sustained the extremists, including Osama Bin Laden, who have become its enemies. These failed wars abroad have made the United States more vulnerable to both terrorism as well as native ultra-nationalism. In doing so, it created fertile ground for the Islamic State and brought foreign conflicts home to American soil.
The trump presidency is the inevitable consequence of neoconservative imperialism in the post–Cold War age. The rise of international jihad and western ultra-nationalismIn the Management of Savagery, Max Blumenthal excavates the real story behind America’s dealings with the world and shows how the extremist forces that now threaten peace across the globe are the inevitable flowering of America’s imperial designs.
Civilization and Its Discontents by Sigmund FreudIt seeks to answer several questions fundamental to human society and its organization: What influences led to the creation of civilization? Why and how did it come to be? What determines civilization’s trajectory? Freud’s theories on the effect of the knowledge of death on human existence and the birth of art are central to his work.
Many of humankind's primitive instincts for example, the desire to kill and the insatiable craving for sexual gratification are clearly harmful to the well-being of a human community. As a result, civilization creates laws that prohibit killing, and adultery, rape, and it implements severe punishments if such commandments are broken.
Civilization and its discontents is one of the last of Freud's books, written in the decade before his death and first published in German in 1929. Freud qualified as a doctor of medicine at the University of Vienna in 1881, and then carried out research into cerebral palsy, aphasia and microscopic neuroanatomy at the Vienna General Hospital.
. He was appointed a university lecturer in neuropathology in 1885 and became a professor in 1902. In creating psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process.
His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the mechanisms of repression as well as for elaboration of his theory of the unconscious as an agency disruptive of conscious states of mind. Freud's redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory.
Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled IdentityFrom the author of the presentation of self in Everyday Life, Stigma is analyzes a person’s feelings about himself and his relationship to people whom society calls “normal. Stigma is an illuminating excursion into the situation of persons who are unable to conform to standards that society calls normal.
. Disqualified from full social acceptance, they are stigmatized individuals. In stigma the interplay of alternatives the stigmatized individual must face every day is brilliantly examined by one of America’s leading social analysts. Their image of themselves must daily confront and be affronted by the image which others reflect back to them.
Drawing extensively on autobiographies and case studies, sociologist Erving Goffman analyzes the stigmatized person’s feelings about himself and his relationship to “normals” He explores the variety of strategies stigmatized individuals employ to deal with the rejection of others, and the complex sorts of information about themselves they project.
Physically deformed people, drug addicts, ex-mental patients, prostitutes, or those ostracized for other reasons must constantly strive to adjust to their precarious social identities.
Why People Die by SuicideHe tests his theory against diverse facts about suicide rates among men and women; white and African-American men; anorexics, prostitutes, sports fans, athletes, and physicians; members of cults, and citizens of nations in crisis. Drawing on extensive clinical and epidemiological evidence, Thomas Joiner provides the most coherent and persuasive explanation ever given of why and how people overcome life's strongest instinct, as well as personal experience, self-preservation.
The Suicidal MindIn this landmark and elegantly written book, not only for understanding the suicidal mind, Shneidman provides the language, but for understanding ourselves. The book brims with insight into the suicidal impulse and with helpful suggestions on how to counteract it. But they have failed, argues Dr. These cases are presented in the person's own words to reveal the details of the suicidal drama, to show that the purpose of suicide is to seek a solution, to illustrate the pain at the core of suicide, and to isolate the common stressor in suicide: frustrated psychological needs.
It is a taboo subtext to our successes and our happiness, a dark issue that is often euphemized, avoided, and little understood. To treat a suicidal individual, address, we need to identify, and reduce the individual's psychache. Edwin shneidman, the ordinary everyday words, because they have lost sight of the plain language, the pain and frustrated psychological needs of the suicidal individual.
Shneidman presents a bold and simple premise: the main cause of suicide is psychological pain or "psychache. Thus the key to preventing suicide is not so much the study of the structure of the brain, or the study of social statistics, or the study of mental diseases, as it is the direct study of human emotions.
In the suicidal Mind, Dr. Shneidman shares with the reader his knowledge, both as a clinician and researcher, of the psychological drama that plays itself out in the suicidal mind through the exploration of three moving case studies. Anyone who has ever considered suicide, or knows someone who has, will find here a wealth of insights to help understand and to prevent suicide.
The Philadelphia Negro: A Social StudyIn 1897 the promising young sociologist william edward burghardt Du Bois 1868-1963 was given a temporary post as Assistant in Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania in order to conduct a systematic investigation of social conditions in the seventh ward of Philadelphia. It is the first, and perhaps still the finest, example of engaged sociological scholarship—the kind of work that, in contemplating social reality, helps to change it.
In his introduction, elijah anderson examines how the neighborhood studied by Du Bois has changed over the years and compares the status of blacks today with their status when the book was initially published. The product of those studies was the first great empirical book on the Negro in American society.
More than one hundred years after its original publication by the University of Pennsylvania Press, The Philadelphia Negro remains a classic work.