1917: Lenin, Wilson, and the Birth of the New World Disorder

One hundred years later, we still sit on the powder keg they first set the detonator to, through war and revolution.   . This is the story of two men, and the two decisions, that transformed world history in a single tumultuous year, 1917: Wilson’s entry into World War One and Lenin’s Bolshevik Revolution.

In april 1917 woodrow wilson, champion of american democracy but also segregation; advocate for free trade and a new world order based on freedom and justice; thrust the United States into World War One in order to make the “world safe for democracy”—only to see his dreams for a liberal international system dissolve into chaos, bloodshed, and betrayal.

That october vladimir lenin, ” would overthrow russia’s earlier democratic revolution that had toppled the all-power Czar, all in the name of liberating humanity—and instead would set up the most repressive totalitarian regime in history, communist revolutionary and advocate for class war and “dictatorship of the proletariat, the Soviet Union.

In this incisive, fast-paced history, New York Times bestselling author Arthur Herman brilliantly reveals how Lenin and Wilson rewrote the rules of modern geopolitics. Through the end of world War I, countries only marched into war to increase or protect their national interests. After world war I, countries began going to war over ideas.

Together lenin and wilson unleashed the disruptive ideologies that would sweep the world, from nationalism and globalism to Communism and terrorism, and that continue to shape our world today. Our new world disorder is the legacy left by Wilson and Lenin, and their visions of the perfectibility of man.

The Cave and the Light: Plato Versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization

Arthur herman has now written the definitive sequel to his new york Times bestseller, How the Scots Invented the Modern World, and extends the themes of the book—which sold half a million copies worldwide—back to the ancient Greeks and forward to the age of the Internet. Plato dedicated himself to living that ideal and went on to create a school, his famed Academy, to teach others the path to enlightenment through contemplation.

The cave and the light is a magisterial account of how the two greatest thinkers of the ancient world, Plato and Aristotle, laid the foundations of Western culture—and how their rivalry shaped the essential features of our culture down to the present day. Plato came from a wealthy, connected athenian family and lived a comfortable upper-class lifestyle until he met an odd little man named Socrates, who showed him a new world of ideas and ideals.

Socrates taught plato that a man must use reason to attain wisdom, and that the life of a lover of wisdom, a philosopher, was the pinnacle of achievement. Instead of rising above mundane reality, he insisted, the philosopher’s job is to explain how the real world works, and how we can find our place in it.

. Rather than rely on pure contemplation, he insisted that the truest path to knowledge is through empirical discovery and exploration of the world around us. From martin luther who named aristotle the third great enemy of true religion, after the devil and the Pope to Karl Marx whose utopian views rival Plato’s, heroes and villains of history have been inspired and incensed by these two master philosophers—but never outside their influence.

The two men disagreed on the fundamental purpose of the philosophy.

Gandhi & Churchill: The Epic Rivalry that Destroyed an Empire and Forged Our Age

Random House Trade. Both men would go on to lead their nations through harrowing trials and two world wars—and become locked in a fierce contest of wills that would decide the fates of countries, continents, and ultimately an empire. In this fascinating and meticulously researched book, bestselling historian Arthur Herman sheds new light on two of the most universally recognizable icons of the twentieth century, and reveals how their forty-year rivalry sealed the fate of India and the British Empire.

They were born worlds apart: winston churchill to Britain’s most glamorous aristocratic family, Mohandas Gandhi to a pious middle-class household in a provincial town in India. Yet arthur herman reveals how their lives and careers became intertwined as the twentieth century unfolded. Here is a sweeping epic with a fascinating supporting cast, and a brilliant narrative parable of two men whose great successes were always haunted by personal failure—and whose final moments of triumph were overshadowed by the loss of what they held most dear.


1917: War, Peace, and Revolution

Random House Trade. David stevenson also analyzes the global consequences of the years developments, describing how countries such as Brazil and China joined the belligerents, how Britain offered "responsible government" to India, and how the Allies promised a Jewish national home in Palestine.1917 was a year of calamitous events, and one of pivotal importance in the development of the First World War.

. He shows how in this one year the war was transformed, but also what drove the conflict onwards and how it continued to escalate. Two developments in particular - the Russian Revolution and American intervention - had worldwide repercussions. Blending political and military history, and moving from capital to capital and from the cabinet chamber to the battle front, the book highlights the often tumultuous debates through which leaders entered and escalated the war, and the paradox that continued fighting was justifiable as the shortest road toward peace.

In 1917: war, and revolution, peace, leading historian of World War I David Stevenson examines this crucial year in context and illuminates the century that followed. Offering a close examination of the key decisions, david stevenson considers Germanys campaign of submarine warfare, America's declaration of war in response, and Britain's frustration of German strategy by adopting the convoy system, as well as why paradoxically the military and political stalemate in Europe persisted.

1917 offers a truly international understanding of events, the disastrous spring offensive that plunged the French army into mutiny, including abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, on the summer attacks that undermined the moderate Provisional Government in Russia and exposed Italy to national humiliation at Caporetto, and on the British decision for the ill-fated Third Battle of Ypres Passchendaele.


Lincoln & Churchill: Statesmen at War

They became revered leaders—statesmen for all time. Even their writings and speeches were swords in battle. But the author emphasizes that, despite setbacks, they never gave up. Both statesmen unexpectedly left office near the end of their wars—Lincoln by the bullet, Churchill by the ballot. Gifted literary stylists, both men relied on the written and spoken word to steel their citizens throughout desperate and prolonged wars.

They made mistakes which Lehrman considers carefully. A renowned historian Gives New Perspective on Statesmen at WarLewis E. Random House Trade. Yet these two world-famous war leaders have never been seriously compared at book length. Acclaimed historian lewis lehrman, finds that Lincoln and Churchill—with very different upbringings and contrasting personalities—led their war efforts, to some extent, in his pathbreaking comparison of both statesmen, in similar ways.

As supreme war lords, they were guided not only by principles of honor, duty, but also by the practical wisdom to know when, freedom, where, and how to apply these principles. Lehrman, gives new perspective on two of the greatest english-speaking statesmen—and their remarkable leadership in wars of national survivalAbraham Lincoln and Winston Churchill, a renowned historian and National Humanities Medal winner, as commanders in chief, led their nations to victory—Lincoln in the Civil War, Churchill in World War II.


Lenin: The Man, the Dictator, and the Master of Terror

The product of a violent, tyrannical, and corrupt Russia, he chillingly authorized the deaths of thousands of people and created a system based on the idea that political terror against opponents was justified for a greater ideal. An old comrade what had once admired him said that Lenin "desired the good.

 .  . Victor sebestyen's riveting biography of vladimir ilyich Lenin—the first major biography in English in nearly two decades—is not only a political examination of one of the most important historical figures of the twentieth century but also a fascinating portrait of Lenin the man. Brought up in comfort and with a passion for hunting and fishing, chess, and the English classics, Lenin was radicalized after the execution of his brother in 1887.

The long-suppressed story told here of the love triangle that Lenin had with his wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, married mistress and comrade, and his beautiful, Inessa Armand, reveals a more complicated character than that of the coldly one-dimensional leader of the Bolshevik Revolution. With lenin's personal papers and those of other leading political figures now available, Sebestyen gives is new details that bring to life the dramatic and gripping story of how Lenin seized power in a coup and ran his revolutionary state.

Sebestyen traces the story from lenin's early years to his long exile in Europe and return to Petrograd in 1917 to lead the first Communist revolution in history. Uniquely, his sisters, his wife, Sebestyen has discovered that throughout Lenin's life his closest relationships were with his mother, and his mistress.

But created evil. This included his invention of Stalin, who would take Lenin's system of the gulag and the secret police to horrifying new heights.

1983: Reagan, Andropov, and a World on the Brink

In november the west launched a wargame exercise, codenamed "Abel Archer, " that looked to the Soviets like the real thing. Would they attack? The temperature rose fast. With andropov's finger inching ever closer to the nuclear button, the world was truly on the brink. This is an extraordinary and largely unknown Cold War story of spies and double agents, intelligence failures, of missiles being readied, misunderstandings, and the panic of world leaders.

With access to hundreds of astonishing new documents, Taylor Downing tells for the first time the gripping but true story of how near the world came to nuclear war in 1983. In the united states, described the soviet union as an "evil empire, President Reagan vastly increased defense spending, " and launched the "Star Wars" Strategic Defense Initiative to shield the country from incoming missiles.

Random House Trade. Seeing all this, the paranoid soviet leader, became convinced that the US really meant to attack the Soviet Union and he put the KGB on high alert, Yuri Andropov, looking for signs of an imminent nuclear attack. When a soviet plane shot down a Korean civilian jet, Reagan described it as "a crime against humanity.

And moscow grew increasingly concerned about America's language and behavior. A riveting, real-life thriller about 1983--the year tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union nearly brought the world to the point of nuclear ArmageddonThe year 1983 was an extremely dangerous one--more dangerous than 1962, the year of the Cuban Missile Crisis.


The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War

Given current echoes of the cold war, as putin’s Russia rattles the world order, the tenuous balance of power and uncertain order of the late 1940s is as relevant as ever. Random House Trade. A polished and masterly work of historical narrative, this is an instant classic of Cold War literature. Marshall set out to reconstruct western Europe as a bulwark against communist authoritarianism.

Bringing to bear fascinating new material from american, Russian, and other European archives, German, Steil’s account will forever change how we see the Marshall Plan and the birth of the Cold War. In the process, they would drive the creation of NATO, the European Union, and a Western identity that continues to shape world events.

In each case, we see and understand like never before Stalin’s determination to crush the Marshall Plan and undermine American power in Europe. Focusing on the critical years 1947 to 1949, benn steil’s thrilling account brings to life the seminal episodes marking the collapse of postwar US-Soviet relations—the Prague coup, the Berlin blockade, and the division of Germany.

The marshall plan provides critical context into understanding today’s international landscape. Their massive, costly, and ambitious undertaking would confront Europeans and Americans alike with a vision at odds with their history and self-conceptions. The award-winning author of the battle of Bretton Woods reveals the gripping history behind the Marshall Plan—told with verve, insight, and resonance for today.

Without Precedent: Chief Justice John Marshall and His Times

Random House Trade. The remarkable story of john marshall who, and diplomat, as chief justice, statesman, played a pivotal role in the founding of the United States. No member of america's founding generation had a greater impact on the Constitution and the Supreme Court than John Marshall, and no one did more to preserve the delicate unity of the fledgling United States.

Without precedent is the engrossing account of the life and times of this exceptional man, and grace shaped America's future as he held together the Supreme Court, imagination, who with cunning, the Constitution, and the country itself. As a diplomat and secretary of state, he defended American sovereignty against France and Britain, counseled President John Adams, and supervised the construction of the city of Washington.

D. C. This is the astonishing true story of how a rough-cut frontiersman - born in Virginia in 1755 and with little formal education - invented himself as one of the nation's preeminent lawyers and politicians who then reinvented the Constitution to forge a stronger nation. As chief justice of the united states - the longest-serving in history - he established the independence of the judiciary and the supremacy of the federal Constitution and courts.

As the leading federalist in Virginia, he rivaled his cousin Thomas Jefferson in influence. From the nation's founding in 1776 and for the next forty years, Marshall was at the center of every political battle.

The Moralist: Woodrow Wilson and the World He Made

As a southern boy during the civil war, he knew the ravages of war, and as president he refused to lead the country into World War I until he was convinced that Germany posed a direct threat to the United States. After the war wilson became the world’s most ardent champion of liberal internationalism—a democratic new world order committed to peace, collective security, and free trade.

Once committed, he was an admirable commander-in-chief, yet he also presided over the harshest suppression of political dissent in American history. The moralist is a cautionary tale about the perils of moral vanity and American overreach in foreign affairs. In domestic affairs, wilson was a progressive who enjoyed unprecedented success in leveling the economic playing field, but he was behind the times on racial equality and women’s suffrage.

Roosevelt and it has shaped American foreign relations—for better and worse—ever since. Lucid and elegant. On wilson’s tortured entrance into World War I, O’Toole is truly superb. As a study of wilson’s relationship with Europe, and the intrigues of his foreign policy administration, the book is exemplary.

Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II

Dubbed the “dollar-a-year men, ” these dedicated patriots quickly took charge of America’s moribund war production effort. Commissioned a lieutenant general, persuading them one by one to leave their lucrative private sector positions and join him in Washington, Knudsen assembled a crack team of industrial innovators, D.

C. Featuring behind-the-scenes portraits of fdr, henry stimson, jimmy doolittle, George Marshall, and Curtis LeMay, Harry Hopkins, as well as scores of largely forgotten heroes and heroines of the wartime industrial effort, Freedom’s Forge is the American story writ large. Henry J. And the ceo would oblige, no questions asked, because it was his patriotic duty.

It’s not often that a historian comes up with a fresh approach to an absolutely critical element of the Allied victory in World War II, but Pulitzer finalist Herman. Together, knudsen and Kaiser created a wartime production behemoth. I want you to work on some production matters. With those words, President Franklin D.

. Kaiser was a maverick California industrialist famed for his innovative business techniques and his can-do management style.